Ces arguments ne parvinrent pas à empêcher l'électorat de porter le Labour au pouvoir aux élections de 1945.

Howard promptly resigned as party leader, and David Cameron presided over the gradual ascent of the Conservatives over the next five years. In 2013 Cameron first promised a national referendum on the issue, and in February 2016 he succeeded in winning concessions from EU leaders that were aimed at pleasing Euroskeptics. Chamberlain was replaced by another Conservative, Winston Churchill, who formed a coalition government with the Labour Party.

The elite haven't had to overcome adversity and can’t cope in a crisis. En 2003, ils ont soutenu l'invasion de l'Irak. gehören die Kurzfilme "10 questions about democracy". Although Churchill led the country to victory in the war, he failed to lead his own party to success in the first postwar election in 1945. Conservative and Labour Party leaders met with the Liberal Democrats over the ensuing days in an effort to secure enough seats to form a new government. Chair, British and Comparative Politics, University of Sussex, Brighton, England. The party’s stunning defeat can be attributed to the electorate’s desire for social reform and economic security, as well as its inclination to blame the Conservatives for not having done enough in the 1930s to alleviate mass unemployment or to thwart the aspirations of dictators. Ce dernier permit à son parti de gagner une trentaine de sièges en 2005, mais cette amélioration de la représentation des Tories aux Communes est certainement due davantage à l'essoufflement du gouvernement Blair qu'aux propositions très droitières des Tories. Celui-ci maintint les Tories au pouvoir jusqu'en 1997 mais il ne parvint pas à enrayer le recul sensible enregistré lors de chaque élection, bien qu'il ait réussi à obtenir le record (14 millions) du nombre de voix aux élections générales de 1992 ; aucun parti n'a réussi à dépasser ou égaler ce record (en comparaison, Tony Blair en a récolté environ 13,6 puis 10,7 et 9,5 respectivement en 1997, 2001 et 2005). When it appeared that those talks would result in a formal “Lib-Con” coalition, Brown announced his resignation and Cameron was confirmed as prime minister of Britain’s first coalition government since World War II. Her eventual resignation as party leader (and therefore as prime minister) in 1990 reflected the combined impact of a number of factors, including public protests over a proposal to finance local government through a flat-rate “poll tax,” a series of bitter conflicts with some of her senior ministers, her strident and authoritarian style, and a growing sense among backbenchers that she might prove unable to withstand the electoral challenge of a newly united and considerably reformed Labour Party. Le parti conservateur dispose d'une majorité absolue aux communes depuis les élections générales de décembre 2019, ou il obtient la plus grande proportion de votes qu'aucun parti n'ait obtenu depuis 1979. Socialement, le Parti conservateur demeure foncièrement hostile aux syndicats et aux réglementations entravant la libre entreprise et le dynamisme du marché du travail. Les conservateurs sont partisans d'une politique de lutte contre l'insécurité musclée, passant avant tout par le renforcement des effectifs de la police et l'octroi de nouveaux moyens aux forces de l'ordre. Le sociologue Théo Bourgeron relève qu'au cours de la décennie 2010 « le cœur idéologique du Parti conservateur a progressivement glissé du centre droit vers les think tanks de Tufton Street, du nom de cette rue de Westminster dans laquelle se regroupent les boîtes à idées de la droite radicale héritées de l’ère Thatcher, fréquemment eurosceptiques, climatosceptiques et libertariennes[11]. Entre 1997 et 2005, les Tories éreintèrent trois chefs successifs : William Hague (juin 1997-2001), Iain Duncan Smith (2001-novembre 2003) puis Michael Howard (novembre 2003-décembre 2005).

Diese dienen dazu, Ihnen Servicefunktionen anbieten Plutôt qu'une réelle évolution idéologique, le chercheur Tim Bale estime qu'il s'agit surtout de « communiquer à l’électorat l’impression que le parti change (...), évolue vers le centre (...) dans l’attente de revenir aux thèmes plus traditionnels du camp conservateur [baisses d’impôts, stabilité familiale et souveraineté nationale], bien que, cette fois, dans un langage plus précautionneux »[6].

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