[400] These allegations sparked a heated debate among historians.

"[215] King condemned America's "alliance with the landed gentry of Latin America", and said that the U.S. should support "the shirtless and barefoot people" in the Third World rather than suppressing their attempts at revolution. [85], At the age of 25 in 1954, King was called as pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. [399], In May 2019, FBI files emerged indicating that King "looked on, laughed and offered advice" as one of his friends raped a woman.

In the fall of his senior year, he told his father of his decision. In the 1970s, FBI files, released under the Freedom of Information Act, revealed that he was under government surveillance, and suggested his involvement in adulterous relationships and communist influences. King attended Booker T. Washington High School, where he was said to be a precocious student. King quoted from Henry George and George's book, Progress and Poverty, particularly in support of a guaranteed basic income. King adds that he likely would have made an exception to his non-endorsement policy for a second Kennedy term, saying "Had President Kennedy lived, I would probably have endorsed him in 1964. 5: The Social Mission of the Christian Church", "Martin Luther King Jr.'s Troubled Attitude toward Nonviolent Resistance", "Nonviolence: The Only Road to Freedom – Teaching American History", "Birmingham civil rights activist Colonel Stone Johnson has died (slideshow)", "Armed Resistance in the Civil Rights Movement: Charles E. Cobb and Danielle L. McGuire on Forgotten History", "Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Black People and Indigenous People: How We Cash This Damn Check", "Dr. King spoke out against the genocide of Native Americans", "The American Indian Civil Rights Movement: A case study in Civil Society Protest", "Dr. Martin Luther King Jr: Our Nation was Born in Genocide", "Street Smarts: MLK Jr. visited 'Papago' reservation near Tucson, was fascinated", "Navajos and locals in Gallup celebrate Martin Luther King Jr. Day", "Mr. Conservative: Barry Goldwater's Opposition to the Civil Rights Act of 1964", "Family Planning – A Special and Urgent Concern", "Zoë Saldaña Climbed Into Lt. Uhura's Chair, Reluctantly", "Nichelle Nichols Explains How Martin Luther King Convinced Her to Stay on Star Trek", "Gene Roddenberry's Son Reveals Unhappy 'Star Trek' Family Life", "Nichelle Nichols on playing Star Trek's Lt. Uhura and meeting Dr. King", "Martin Luther King Jr. met Malcolm X just once. [75], King enrolled in Crozer Theological Seminary in Upland, Pennsylvania. Through his activism and inspirational speeches, he played a pivotal role in ending the legal segregation of African-American citizens in the United States, as well as the creation of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. But his life remains controversial as well. He publicly discouraged it as a widespread practice, but acknowledged that it was sometimes necessary.

He stated, "It should benefit the disadvantaged of all races."[358]. I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.

[393] The bureau also sent anonymous letters to King threatening to reveal information if he did not cease his civil rights work. [264] Supporters of this assertion said that Ray's confession was given under pressure and that he had been threatened with the death penalty. [134] Not all of the demonstrators were peaceful, despite the avowed intentions of the SCLC. [181] Several larger marches were planned and executed: in Bogan, Belmont Cragin, Jefferson Park, Evergreen Park (a suburb southwest of Chicago), Gage Park, Marquette Park, and others. [46] King also developed an interest in fashion, commonly adorning himself in well polished patent leather shoes and tweed suits, which gained him the nickname "Tweed" or "Tweedie" among his friends. In 1948, King earned a sociology degree from Morehouse College and attended the liberal Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania. [69][70] On Friday evenings, King and the other students visited downtown Simsbury to get milkshakes and watch movies, and on Saturdays they would travel to Hartford, Connecticut to see theatre performances, shop and eat in restaurants.

On March 21, approximately 2,000 people began a march from Selma to Montgomery, the state capitol. Say that I was a drum major for justice. In December, King and the SCLC became involved. [249] The following day, he delivered a prepared response in Cleveland. He organized and staged countless marches and boycotts during the civil rights movement. The campaign used nonviolent but intentionally confrontational tactics, developed in part by Rev. The King and Williams families had roots in rural Georgia. He married Alberta in 1926 after an eight-year courtship. During his last year in seminary, King came under the guidance of Morehouse College President Benjamin E. Mays who influenced King’s spiritual development.

New Georgia Encyclopedia - History and Archaeology - Biography of Martin Luther King Jr. Stanford University - The Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute - Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr. National Archives - Findings on MLK Assassination. [343], In September 1959, King flew from Los Angeles, California, to Tucson, Arizona. Martin Sr. fought against racial prejudice, not just because his race suffered, but because he considered racism and segregation to be an affront to God's will. Our visitors from outer space could be forgiven if they reported home that our planet is inhabited by a race of insane men whose future is bleak and uncertain. He became involved with a white woman and went through a difficult time before he could break off the affair. It is exposing evils that are rooted deeply in the whole structure of our society. [257], Two months after King's death, James Earl Ray—who was on the loose from a previous prison escape—was captured at London Heathrow Airport while trying to leave England on a false Canadian passport. https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/martin-luther-king-jr-biography [5][17][18][16], Shortly after marrying Alberta, King Sr. became assistant pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church.

King planned to marry her, but friends advised against it, saying that an interracial marriage would provoke animosity from both blacks and whites, potentially damaging his chances of ever pastoring a church in the South. "[20] He returned home in August 1934, and in that same year began referring to himself as Martin Luther King Sr., and his son as Martin Luther King Jr.[19][21][16] King's birth certificate was altered to read "Martin Luther King Jr." on July 23, 1957, when he was 28 years old. [266] In a 2008 interview with CNN, Jerry Ray, the younger brother of James Earl Ray, claimed that James was smart and was sometimes able to get away with armed robbery. [28] His favorite hymn to sing was "I Want to Be More and More Like Jesus"; he moved attendees with his singing.

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