"Algitha" of Northumbria (Morcarson), Gyda (Ealgith (Oredith)) Haraldsdatter, Ulf, Harold, Tostig, Gyrth, Leofwine, Gunnhilda, Wulfnoth, Edith, Aelfgifu, Godwin Haroldson, Edmund Haroldson, Magnus Haroldson, Gytha Haroldsdaughter, Gytha Thorkelsdóttir,Godwin Earl of Wessex, Edith of Wessex, Leofwine Godwinson, Gyrth Godwinson, Sweyn Godwinson, Wulfnoth Godwinson, Tostig Godwinson. But, though he was crowned by the Northumbrian primate, the men of Northumberland at first refused to acknowledge him. Harald fortsette farens rolle som samlingspunkt for motstandskampen mot økende normannisk innflytelse i England.

His first wife was the Danish princess Thyra Sveinsdóttir, one of the daughters of Sweyn I of Denmark and Norway. Harold established his army in hastily built earthworks near Hastings. Harold Godwinson (c. 1022 - 14 October 1066) was the last Anglo-Saxon King of England. Harold, having just defeated Harald and Tostig, marched southward in all haste, reaching London on October 6. Instead the Witenagemot, the assembly of the kingdom's leading notables, would convene after a king's death to select a successor. Straks etter Harald Hardrådes fall måtte han dra i ilmarsj med sine menn sørover for å ta imot normannerne på kanalkysten.

The Bayeux Tapestry, and other Norman sources, then record that Harold swore an oath to William to support his claim to the English throne. [citation needed].

Fictional accounts based on the events surrounding Harold's struggle for and brief reign as king of England have been published, notably "The Interim King" by James McMilla and "The Last English King" by Julian Rathbone. Twelfth-century Anglo-Norman histories, such as William of Malmesbury's Gesta Regum Anglorum and Henry of Huntingdon's Historia Anglorum recount that Harold died by an arrow wound to his head. He gained glory in a series of campaigns (1062–63) against Gruffydd ap Llywelyn of Gwynedd, the ruler of Wales.

The best witness to his civil government is the general peace and good order of England during that part of the reign of Eadward which was virtually his reign.

Edith may have fled abroad (possibly with Harold's mother, Gytha, or with Harold's daughter, Gytha).

His parentage is confirmed in several places in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle[2030].

Two of his elder half-brothers, Godwine and Magnus, made a number of attempts at invading England in 1068 and 1069 with the aid of Diarmait mac Mail na mBo. But what availed so many valuable gifts, when good faith, the foundation of all virtues, was wanting? There is a report that at some time Harold's coffin was found in, or put in, the cellar of this house. This oath the Normans represented as an act of homage, with a further oath to procure William's succession to the English crown.

Han kunne regne med en viss tilslutning i England, særlig i de nordøstlige områdene, der det nordiske islettet var sterkt. Harold returned south, but meanwhile Duke William's army had set sail from Saint-Valéry-sur-Somme 28 Sep. King Harold hastily reassembled his army to meet this second invasion at Hastings 14 Oct 1066, where he was killed. m ([1064/early 1066]) as her second husband, EALDGYTH of Mercia, widow of GRUFFYDD ap Llywellyn Prince of Gwynedd and Powys, daughter of ÆLFGAR Earl of Mercia & his first wife Ælfgifu. Harald Godwinson selv fulgte ham i døden et par uker senere. In the next century the book Be Inventions Sanctce Crucis Walthamensis gives Harold's picture as drawn in his own foundation. She was considered Harold's mistress by the clergy. A recent bid to exhume a grave in Bosham church was refused by the Diocese of Chichester in December 2004, the Chancellor ruling that the chances of establishing the identity of the body as Harold II were too slim to justify disturbing a burial place. The military skill of Harold is plain, both from the Welsh war, when he overcame the mountaineers by making his English soldiers adopt the Welsh tactics, and from his conduct both at Stamfordbridge and at Senlac. [35], For some twenty years Harold was married more danico (Latin: "in the Danish manner") to Edyth Swannesha and had at least six children with her. I sør satt hertug Vilhelm av Normandie og hevdet at han hadde Edvards tilsagn om å få overta hans rike, og paven støttet hans krav. EDMUND ([1047/55]-after 1069). It is unlikely that King Edward had ever made such as an offer[citation needed], especially after the efforts of Harold to get the return of Edward the Exile, son of Edmund Ironside from Hungary, in 1057.

When Godwin died in 1053, Harold succeeded him as Earl of Wessex (a province at that time covering the southernmost third of England). The earliest post-conquest Norman chroniclers report that King Edward had previously sent Robert of Jumièges, Archbishop of Canterbury, to appoint as his heir Edward's maternal kinsman, William of Normandy, and that at this later date Harold was sent to swear fealty.

Freeman appears to base his hypothesis firstly on the assumption that Ulf was younger than his brothers, and secondly on the unlikelihood of his having been held hostage in Normandy if he had been illegitimate. Då Godwin dog 1053 efterträdde Harald honom som earl av Wessex (en landsdel som vid denna tid täckte den södra delen av England). Harold's strong association with Bosham, his birthplace, and the discovery in 1954 of an Anglo-Saxon coffin in the church there, has led some to suggest it as the place of King Harold's burial. The invading forces of Hardrada and Tostig defeated the English earls Edwin of Mercia and Morcar of Northumbria at the Battle of Fulford near York on 20 September 1066. Hertugen Guillaume (senere kjent som Wilhelm Erobreren) av Normandie mente han var blitt lovet tronen, både av den forrige kongen og den nåværende. The house suffered from a fire and was pulled down in 1770.

1971). Although an ally of the Anglo-Danish line, Godwine accepted the accession as king of a member of the former English royal family, Edward the Confessor (1042–66), following the death of Canute’s successor. The choice of his name, like that of some others of his brothers and sisters (see GODWINE), witnesses to the influence of his Danish mother. He is charged in Domesday with several encroachments on ecclesiastical property, chiefly in Herefordshire, and the like charge is brought against him in a deed of Leofric, bishop of Exeter.

They raided Cornwall as late as 1082, but died in obscurity in Ireland.

(1962), Michael Craig in a TV adaptation of A Choice of Kings in the ITV Play of the Week series (1966), Norman Chappell in an episode of the TV comedy series Carry On Laughing entitled "One in the Eye for Harold" (1975), and Jâms Thomas in an episode of the British educational TV series Historyonics entitled "1066" (2004).

^ It could be argued that Edgar the Atheling, who was proclaimed as king by the witan but never crowned, was really the last Anglo-Saxon king. Detta gjorde honom den näst mäktigaste personen i England, näst efter kungen. Godwine’s restoration was short-lived; he died in 1053.
Son of Gōdwine Wulfnothsson, Earl of Wessex and Gytha, countess of Wessex [h] In 1068 Diarmait presented another Irish king with Harold's battle standard.

According to contemporary Norman sources, notably the Bayeux Tapestry, Harold was sent by Edward to Normandy to confirm Duke William as the king’s heir. Barlow is dubious about Freeman´s hypothesis[2074].]. He may also have taken part in their raids in south-west England. The French life of Eadward in the 13th is very bitter against Harold. Guillaume de Jumièges records that Duke Guillaume betrothed his daughter Adelise to Harold, in a later passage (in which he does not repeat her name) stating that she was the third daughter and that she died a virgin although she was of an age to marry[2041]. Han seiret over Gruffydd, som deretter ble drept av sine egne menn, i 1063. In 1055, in alliance with the banished Earl iElfgar of Mercia, Gruffydd defeated Earl Ralph and burned Hereford. ...us son of Harold Godwinson, Harold son of Harold Godwinson, Godwin son of Harold Godwinson, Edmund son of Harold Godwinson, Ulf son of Ha... Oct 14 1066 - Battle of Hastings, Senlac Hill, Sussex, Eadgyth 'Swan Neck' Not Ælfgar'S Daughter Swann Hnesce, Godwin Earl of of Wessex, Gytha Thorgilsson, Lithuanian: Haraldas II, Anglijos Karalius, Historic Buildings of Buckinghamshire, England, Gytha of Wessex, Grand Princess consort of Kievan Rus, Leofwine Godwinsson, Earl of Essex and Kent, http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLAND,%20AngloSaxon%20nobility.htm#HaroldIIdied1066A, http://www.walthamabbeychurch.co.uk/history.htm, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6veaHrbV804, http://www.1902encyclopedia.com/H/HAR/harold-ii-of-england.html, Birth of Harold Godwinsson, King of England.

According to the Waltham Chronicle written some time after 1177, King Harold's body was identified on the battlefield by his mistress Eadgyth Swanneshals and taken to Waltham for burial[2037]. Consequently, the exact status of the relationship between King Harold Godwinson and Edyth Swannesha is unclear. William of Malmesbury records that "Harold the son of Harold" accompanied Magnus III King of Norway when the latter invaded Orkney in 1098, captured the Isle of Man and Anglesey, forced the flight of Hugh Earl of Chester and killed Hugh Earl of Shrewsbury[2060]. Harald Hardråde hadde aldri glemt de arvekrav som også han kunne gjøre gjeldende på Englands trone. Det kom til slag ved Hastings den 14. oktober. It is assumed that, if it was in the house, the coffin was destroyed at that time. Haralds armé etablerade sig i en hastigt byggd befästning i närheten av Hastings.

Sutton Publishing, Stroud, Gloucestershire, 1997.

Another is that he was on his way for a meeting with allies. Initially, William could not get support for the invasion but, claiming that Harold had sworn on sacred relics to support his claim to the throne after having been shipwrecked at Ponthieu, William received the Church's blessing and nobles flocked to his cause. Historians do not accept that from January to September the wind was never favourable for an invasion as William claimed. Harold's first wife, Edith Swanneck, was called to identify the body (the face being destroyed) which she did by the tattoos pricked into his chest which read "Edith" and "England". There is, however, a marker outside the east end of the church where his remains would have been buried at one time. The Times runs the obituary of "Harold of England" on the anniversary of his death. [g] A prior exhumation had revealed the remains of a man, estimated at up to 60 years of age from photographs of the remains, lacking a head, one leg and the lower part of his other leg, a description consistent with the fate of the king as recorded in the Carmen. Så gikk han i land på kysten av Northumbria og vant flere seire i mindre slag, byen York var i ferd med å åpne sine porter for ham, da han selv nådde fram.

Harold's father was Godwin, the powerful Earl of Wessex believed to be a son to Wulfnoth Cild, Thegn of west Sussex. Godwin married twice, both times to Danish women of high rank. Mistress (1) of: ALAN "Rufus/the Red" Lord of Richmond, son of EUDES de Bretagne Comte de Penthièvre & his wife Orguen [Agnes] de Cornouaïlle (-4 Aug 1089[2078], bur Bury St Edmunds). Den som i første omgang gikk av med seieren, var likevel en innfødt jarl, Harald Gudinesson. The connection between Wulfgyth´s family and St Benet´s, Hulme is confirmed by the testament of "Ketel" (named in his mother´s will quoted above), dated to [1052/66], which includes bequests of land to the abbey[2057]. He is spoken of in a way, and his name is joined with that of the king in a way, which is unusual in the case of an ordinary earl. He threw his lot in with Robert Curthose, who knighted him, and disappeared from history. While the contemporary English writers take care, directly or indirectly, to deny all those Norman charges against Harold which were sheer invention, they say not a word as to his alleged oath to William.

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